OrigenJTAG (0.21.0)

Purpose

This plugin provides an ATE driver for an IEEE 1149.1 compliant JTAG interface.

It makes no assumptions about the instruction or data register attributes or higher level protocol concerns. For use at DUT model level this plugin would be normally be wrapped in a higher level protocol such as Nexus.

How To Import

In your Gemfile add:

gem "origen_jtag", ">= 0.21.0"

or if your application is a plugin add this to your .gemspec

spec.add_development_dependency "origen_jtag", ">= 0.21.0"

NOTE: You will also need to include require 'origen_jtag' somewhere in your environment. This can be done in config/environment.rb for example.

How To Use

Integration

This plugin provides a JTAG driver that should be instantiated by the top-level DUT model as shown in this basic integration example:

class MyApp::MyDUT
  include Origen::TopLevel

  def initialize(options = {})
    # The JTAG driver will use these pins by default if they are defined (or aliases)
    add_pin :tck
    add_pin :tdi
    add_pin :tdo
    add_pin :tms

    sub_block :jtag, class_name: 'OrigenJTAG::Driver'
  end
end

Multiple JTAG blocks can be instantiated if the DUT has multiple JTAG ports, and each one can be individually customized as shown in this more complex example:

class MyApp::MyDUT
  include Origen::TopLevel

  def initialize
    # The JTAG driver will use these pins by default if they are defined (or aliases)
    add_pin :tck
    add_pin :tdi
    add_pin :tdo
    add_pin :tms

    add_pin :tck2
    add_pin :tdi2
    add_pin :tdo2
    add_pin :tms2


    # In this first instance TCK covers 4 tester cycles,
    # 2 high then 2 low for each effective TCK pulse.
    # Strobe TDO only when TCK high.  Only store TDO on last cycle (3)

    # Several plugins use dut.jtag, your default port driver should be named jtag for compatibility
    sub_block :jtag, class_name: 'OrigenJTAG::Driver',
                     tck_format:        :rl,
                     tck_multiple:      4,
                     tdo_strobe:        :tck_high,
                     tdo_store_cycle:   3

    # Create a driver for a 2nd port like this, note different configuration settings can be used
    sub_block :jtag_port2, class_name: 'OrigenJTAG::Driver',
                     tck_format:        :rh,
                     tck_multiple:      2,
                     tdo_strobe:        :tck_high,
                     tdo_store_cycle:   1,
                     tck_pin:           pin(:tck2),
                     tdi_pin:           pin(:tdi2),
                     tdo_pin:           pin(:tdo2),
                     tms_pin:           pin(:tms2)
  end
end

dut.jtag                # => jtag driver for the first port (tck, tdi, tdo, tms)
dut.jtag_port2          # => jtag driver for the second port (tck2, tdi2, tdo2, tms2)

Here are some of the most common configuration options:

  • tck_format - TCK timing format, Return High (:rh) or Return Low (:rl). Default is :rh.
  • tck_multiple - Number of cycles for a single TCK pulse to cover, to support cases where TCK needs to be a fraction of another clock period. Assumes 50% duty cycle, specify only even numbers if > 1. Default is :r1.
  • tdo_strobe - When using multiple cycles for TCK, which state of TCK to strobe for TDO, :tck_high or :tck_low or :tck_all. Default :tck_high.
  • tdo_store_cycle - When using multiple cycles for TCK, which cycle of TCK to store for TDO if store requested (0 to number of tck_multiple-1). Default 0

By default, the driver will apply the conventional ‘1’ and ‘0’ drive values on the TCK pin to turn the clock on and off, however this can be overridden by supplying the :tck_vals option as shown in the example below:

# My V93K timing setup uses 'P' to enable a clock pulse instead of '1'
tck_vals: { on: 'P', off: 0 }

A legacy integration is also supported, but not recommended for new projects as it may be deprecated in future.

APIs

Two APIs are provided, the primary one provides canned methods to read and write to the IR and DR registers.

These accept either an absolute data value or an Origen register/bit collection.

jtag.write_dr 0x1234, :size => 16

# The size option is not required when a register is supplied
jtag.write_dr $dut.reg(:clkdiv)

# Although it can still be added if the register is not the full data width
jtag.write_dr $dut.reg(:clkdiv), :size => 32

# A rich read method is available which supports bit-level read, store and overlay operations
$dut.reg(:clkdiv).bits(:div).read(0x55)
jtag.read $dut.reg(:clkdiv)

# In cases where both shift in (TDI) and shift out data (TDO) are critical, (e.g. compare shift
#  out data on a write, or shfit in specific data on a read) the shift_in_data and 
#  shift_out_data options can be specified.  By default, TDO will be dont care on writes
#  and TDI will be 0 on reads.
jtag.write_dr $dut.reg(:clkdiv), :shift_out_data => 0x4321
jtag.read_dr $udt.reg(:clkdiv), :shift_in_data => 0x5678

# Similar methods exist for the instruction register
jtag.write_ir 0x1F, :size => 5
jtag.read_ir 0x1F, :size => 5

A secondary API provides low level control of the TAP Controller state machine.

jtag.pause_dr do
  jtag.shift_dr do
    # The shift method accepts the same arguments as the canned read/write methods
    jtag.shift 0x55, :size => 32
  end
end

See the OrigenJTAG::Driver and OrigenJTAG::TAPController APIs for more details about the available driver methods.

Any model/controller within a target runtime environment can listen out for JTAG state changes by implementing the following callback handler:

def on_jtag_state_change(new_state)
  if new_state == :update_dr
    # Do something every time we enter this state
  end
end

Custom JTAG Cycle Protocols

This plugin also allows applications to define how a JTAG cycle should be implemented at the pin-level, providing the flexibility to handle hybrid JTAG protocols. An example would be an ultra-low pincount device where the JTAG signals are multiplexed down a single wire.

To implement a custom protocol, a :cycle_callback option should be supplied when instantiating the driver to specify the name of the DUT method that will implement the cycle. Note that most other configuration options are meaningless in this context (and some non-default values will raise an error) because the application is now taking full responsibility for how a JTAG cycle is implemented. Similarly, there is no requirement for the conventional JTAG pins to be present or specified when this option is given since the driver is no longer responsible for the vector generation.

The given method should accept two arguments:

  • actions - A hash containing the actions that should be applied to the :tdi, :tms and :tdo, pins and a boolean flag called :store which indicates if TDO should be stored/captured on this cycle
  • options - Any options that should be passed to the tester when calling tester.cycle

The JTAG driver provides a method called apply_action which accepts a pin object and the pin-specific actions from the actions hash, e.g.

jtag.apply_action(pin(:my_pin), actions[:tms])

Here is a complete example which would serialize TDI, TMS and TDO on a single pin:

class MyApp::MyDUT
  def initialize(options = {})
    add_pin :tck
    add_pin :tio

    sub_block :jtag, class_name: 'OrigenJTAG::Driver', cycle_callback: :jtag_cycle
  end

  def jtag_cycle(actions, options = {})
    pin(:tck).drive(1)
    jtag.apply_action(pin(:tio), actions[:tdi])
    tester.cycle(options)
    jtag.apply_action(pin(:tio), actions[:tms])
    tester.cycle(options)
    jtag.apply_action(pin(:tio), actions[:tdo])
    tester.store_next_cycle(pin(:tio)) if actions[:store]
    tester.cycle(options)
  end
end

How To Setup a Development Environment

Clone the repository from Github.

An instance of the OrigenJTAG driver is hooked up to a dummy DUT object for use in the console:

origen i

> $dut.jtag
=> #<OrigenJTAG::Driver:0x0000001ee48e78>

Follow the instructions here if you want to make a 3rd party app workspace use your development copy of the OrigenJTAG plugin: Setting up a Plugin Development Environment

This plugin also contains a test suite, makes sure this passes before committing any changes!

origen examples

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